Major/Minor/Critical defects: what are they?

comp on fire 300x2881 Major/Minor/Critical defects: what are they?As discussed in the article “What Does AQL Mean?”, the AQL standard has 3 kinds of defects: minor, major and critical. But what qualifies as a minor, major or critical defect?

While these can vary from client to client, the typical definitions are:

  • Minor defect is a discrepancy from the standards, but one that is not likely to affect the usability of an object.
  • Major defect is one that is likely to create failure of the unit for its intended purpose.
  • Critical defect is one that is deemed to be hazardous or unsafe.

Examples of potential minor defects:

  • Untitled1 150x150 80x80 Major/Minor/Critical defects: what are they?Poor sewing:

Untrimmed and uncut threads are one of the most recurring defects found on textile products during quality inspections in Asia. While these defects are generally minor, it still can still create problems with your buyers, and thus your textiles should be seriously checked for these problems.

  • Untitled4 150x104 80x80 Major/Minor/Critical defects: what are they?Color differences:

It is quite common for products to be made in slightly different colors than ordered. It takes a skilled inspector to be able to catch these discrepancies and be able to advise the client on such matters.

 Examples of possible Major defects:

  • Untitled2 150x150 80x80 Major/Minor/Critical defects: what are they?Holes and scratches

are also common issues to deal with. Most suppliers in Asia have the mentality that these defects can be expected and are not serious. However, for the average importer, these defects could impede the products from being sold.

  • Untitled5 150x150 80x80 Major/Minor/Critical defects: what are they?Size/Weight Discrepancies

Also common is for measurements to be off, sometimes by millimeters, other times even by inches. It is important to ensure that your inspector has knowledge to use proper measurement devices to ensure the most accurate measurement.

 Example of a critical defect

  • Product is dangerous and could injure the user.

This could be a sharp point that would hurt someone, or that product could be poorly manufactured in a way that it could easily break and injure the user.

Explaining to your inspection company which defects are most vital to check for, and which are the most grave problems will surely help them provide you with a reliable inspection, more focused on your concerns.

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AQF Operations team

About AQF Operations team

Our team consists of supervisors specialized in various types of products. We handle client requests, analyse their instructions & specifications to provide qualitative inspection protocols to the inspectors for high quality reports. With the Quality Control Blog we want to tell stories taken from our daily activity to help the importers in sourcing better and safer.

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